Career Planning is Life Planning

student pictureWhen you have the option to choose your own career, you will definitely want to choose a career for which you have a special passion, an interest, a career you like and something which you would enjoy doing for the rest of your life.    Everyone wants to be happy. You are going to spend more than 30 years in a  career. You will probably work 8 hours a day for at least 5 days in a week.  Just imagine spending 60,000 hours of your life in a career. If you are going  to spend so much time, I am sure Career Planning is very important. The  career you choose will decide your lifestyle in the future. Where you will  work, what you will be doing, how much you will earn, your working hours,  and what type of life you will lead will all depend on your career. That is why  Career Planning is considered as Life Planning !

How do you  plan your career ?

There are four simple steps in Career Planning ;

Step 1            :           Discover Yourself

Step 2            :           Explore the Options

Step 3            :           Make your decision

Step 4            :           Take Action

The most important step is the first step. Let us look at the first step.

Step 1 : Discover Yourself

People can commonly be divided into six types according to their personality. The six personality types are: Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising and Conventional.

All careers can be divided into six types of working environment : Realistic Environment, Investigative Environment, Artistic Environment, Social Environment, Enterprising Environment and Conventional environment.

People search for matching environments. A Realistic Personality type will be peaceful, happy and contented in a Realistic working Environment. Similarly, an Artistic type will be happy in an Artistic working Environment.

So, how do you know about your personality type ? You can sit for a career aptitude test, see a counselor, etc. You can also discover that on your own. The description of each personality is given below. Which type best describes you ?

Realistic Type

People who like to work with their hands, with machines, with plants and animals. They like the outdoors. They are stable, aggressive, practical and have the physical strength. They have mechanical skills. They like to work alone.

Investigative Type

People who like Science and always want to know how things work. They collect and analyse data and information. They are curious, reserved, independent, creative, logical and have thinking skills. They like to work alone.

Artistic Type

People who are creative, artistic, love expressing through art, music, writing or acting. They are unconventional, intuitive and expressive. They like variety and tend to bring enthusiasm to life. They prefer to work in small groups.

Social Type

People who like to help , nurse, teach, care for other people. They make friends easily. They are humanistic, verbal, responsible and like to work with feelings. They prefer to work in groups. They have flexible approach to problems.


People who are goal and result oriented. They are persuasive, have leadership qualities, power seeking and are confident. They have leadership skills. They prefer business settings, and anticipate financial gains in their dealings.

Conventional Type

People who are oriented to carry out tasks initiated by others. They pay a lot of attention to details, and prefer to work with data. They are responsible, like to follow regulations. They are conscientious, efficient, orderly like to observe rules.

Which type are you ?

You may fit into more than one type. But if you have to choose one, which type best decribes you ? You can always have a second and a third choice. In fact no body is one type. Everyone is a mixture of types.

Step 2 : Exploring Options

Once you know your personality type, explore the careers that matches the type. For instance, if you are a Social Type, careers working with people are suitable to explore. Such careers would be teaching, nursing, medicine, counseling, social work, religious work. Training, public relations, human resource, etc..

Step 3 : Make your decision

Look at all the suitable options. When you read about “ teaching “ you will come across primary school teachers, secondary school teachers, college lecturers, university lecturers, researchers, teachers for special children, etc. This will help you know what type of qualification you need and how much time you need to invest studying.

Step 4 : Taking Action

Once you have narrowed your options, discuss with your elders/ parents. Get their in-put too. They too are interested and worried about your future. Give them a role to play. Lastly, find out about job opportunities for the career you have short-listed. Is there a need for such graduates ? Are there opportunities for advancement. Browse through the internet for details.



Now you are set to start your career planning. People change careers 4 – 6 times during their life time. Once you know how to plan your career, you can use it at anytime you need. People can get retrenched, you can get married, you may want to have children, you may have an accident, you may have some family commitment, your spouse can get relocated, etc. The skills of career planning, once mastered, can be used whenever you need. That is why they say, Career Planning is Life Planning.


Career Planning is Life Planning